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科目: 来源: 题型:阅读理解

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    Today, people all over the world are moving out of small villages in the country to go and live in big, noisy cities. They are moving from the peaceful hills, mountains, fields, rivers and streams of the countryside to the busy world of streets, buildings, traffic and crowds. This movement from rural areas to urban areas has been going on for over two hundred years.

    In many countries, the main reason people come to live in towns and cities is work. After one or two large factories have been built in or near a town, people come to find work, and soon an industrial area begins to grow. There is usually a residential area nearby where the factory workers can live. The families of these workers need schools, hospitals and shops, so many people come to live in the area to provide these services and a city grows.

    In every major city in the world, there is a business district where the big companies have their main offices. In the United States, this area is usually in the city center downtown. It is here that you can see many huge skyscrapers(摩天楼)and office blocks. The people who work here often travel a long way to work each day. Many of them live in the suburbs of the city, far away from the industrial area and the city center. Some suburbs are very pleasant, with nice houses and big gardens. There are usually parks for children to play in and large department stores where you can buy all you need.

    But what is the future of the big cities? Will they continue to get bigger and bigger? Perhaps not. Some major cities have actually become smaller in the last ten years, and it is quite possible that one day we will see people moving out of the major cities and back into smaller town and villages.

71. The underlined phrase “a residential area” means ________.

A. an area where people can buy things       B. an area where people live

C. an area where people can do business      D. an area near a city center

72. Why do people move to live in cities or towns?

A. Because they can live more comfortably there.

B. Because they like noisy life better than peaceful life.

C. They do so mainly to find work.

D. Because they are sure of having a better life there.

73. In a residential area you can see ________.

A. rows of houses               B. many offices and factories

C. a lot of factories and farms     D. many houses with offices and factories

74. In the United States, many people work in the center of a big city__________.

A. and live there               B. while living on the far away edge(边缘)of the city  

C. but live in another city        D. but live far away out of the city

75. We can infer that this movement from rural to urban areas ______.

has been going on for more than 2,000 years    B. will surely continue in the future

C. may not continue in the future                 D. has now stopped already

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________________ be sent to work here?  

A. Who do you suggest that should        B. Who do you suggest

C. Do you suggest who would            D. Do you suggest whom should 

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 As reported in the essay by Prof. Brown, it is only in the most difficult circumstances ________ a man’s abilities are fully tested.

 A. when                     B. where                      C. that                         D. as

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The Bank of China, having so far woven its network in 27 countries, ______ its business in Brazil in June 2009.

A. has started       B. was starting     C. will start         D. started

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We shouldn’t complain about being poor--- many families are ____ than we are.

   A. worse off      B. badly off         C. well off       D. better off

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科目: 来源: 题型:阅读理解

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第三部分:阅读理解(共两节,16小题;每小题2分,满分32分)

第一节:阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

People enjoy talking about “firsts”. They like to remember their first love or their first car. But not all firsts are happy ones.

One of history’s bad but important firsts was the first car accident. Cars were still young when it happened. The accident took place in New York City in May 1896. A man from Massachusetts was visiting the city in his new car. At that time, bicycle riders were still trying to get used to the new set of wheels on the road. No one was sure who was to blame for it. Anyway, the bike and the car hit each other hard. The man on the bike was injured. The driver of the car had to stay in jail and wait for the hospital report on the bicycle rider. Luckily, the rider was not killed.

Three years later, another car accident took place. It was again in New York City. A man named Henry Bliss stepped off a streetcar(无轨电车). He was hit by a passing car. Once again, no one was sure just how it happened or whose fault it was. The driver of the car was put in prison. Poor Mr. Bliss became the first person to die in a car accident.

46. Which of the following is true?

A. The first driver came from New York City.

B. Both of the two car accidents killed a person.

C. The second car accident didn’t happen in the same city as the first one.

D. No one knew how the two accidents had happened.

47. In both accidents the drivers of the cars_______.

A. could not drive their cars very well

B. had to stay in prison for a while

C. tried to run away after the accidents took place

D. knew it was their fault

48. The word “jail” in this passage means ________.

A. police station      B. prison                C. school       D. office

49. The main idea of the passage is ________.

A. not all firsts are happy ones                           B. two of the first car accidents

C. two unhappy “firsts”                              D. bicycle riders get used to cars

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科目: 来源: 题型:阅读理解

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The massive 8.8 quake, the seventh strongest in recorded history, hit Chile and should have shortened the length of an Earth day by 1.26 milliseconds, More impressive is how much the quake shifted the Earth’s axis(地轴).

The computer mode! Used to determine the effects of the Chile earthquake effect also found that it should have moved the Earth’s figure axis by about 8 cm. The Earth’s figure figure axis is not the same as its north-south axis, which Earth turns around once every day at a speed of about 1,604 kph. The figure axis is the axis around which the Earth’s mass is balanced. It is offset(偏离) from the Earth’s north-south axis by about 10 meters.

Strong earthquakes can change Earth’s days and its axis. The 9.1 Sumatran earthquake in 2004, which set off a deadly tsunami(海啸),should have shortened Earth’s days by 0.0068 milliseconds and shifted its axis by about 7cm.

One Earth day is about 24 hours long. Over the course of a year, the length of a day normally changes gradually by one millisecond, It increases in the winter when Earth more slowly, and decreases in the summer.

The Chile earthquake was much smaller than the Sumatran quake, but its effects on the Earth are larger because of its location. The fault(断层) responsible for the 2010 Chile quake also cuts through Earth at a larger angle that the Sumatran quake’s fault. This makes the Chile fault ore effective in moving the Earth’s mass vertically and hence more effective in shifting the Earth’s figure axis.

The findings are based on early date available on the Chile earthquake. The Chile earthquake has killed more than 700 people and cause widespread damage in the South American country.

64.What’s the biggest problem caused by the Chile quake?

A.It is the seventh strongest in recorded history. B.It should have shortened the length of an Earth day.

C.It shifted the Earth’s axis.                D.It made the day longer on Earth.

65.Comparing the Sumatram earthquake with the Chile earthquake, we know that        .

A.the Sumatram earthquake had more effect on Earth

B.the location of the Chile earthquake is responsible for its larger effects on Earth.

C.the Sumatram earthquake was less destructive

D.the Chile earthquake fault changed the Earth’s mass

66.What does the word “it” in the 4th paragraph refer to?

A.The length of a day.        B.The axis.     C.One millisecond.      D.The change of the day.

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第二节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

       After read your advertisement, I want to offer     76._________    

myself for the position. I’m twenty years old,            77._________      

male, 1.78metres tall, strong and health. I will           78._________      

graduate Nanjing University this year. I have been      79._________       

learning English for ten years. My spoken          

English is very much good and I can write              80._________ 

good article. I have won several prizes in                81._________ 

English contests. I have made a great deal of             82._________ 

inventions, most of them have been put into practice.  83._________

but I can use the computer skillfully. If I can                 84._________

get the job, I’ll try my best do it well. Thank              85._________  

you for your kindness.

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Much__________he has a good taste, he can’t avoid being influenced by advertisements.

       A.that he claims          B.does he claim

       C.as he claims            D.is it that he claims

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Yesterday I had a word with the CEO of the company, ___ who used to teach at Beijing University.

       A.one      B.the one    C.that D.it

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