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Confucius(孔子) is the greatest teacher in Chinese history. He was born on September 28, 551BC(公元前) in the Kingdom of Lu, in today’s Shandong Province. When he was young, he and his mother had a hard life. At the age of fifteen, he began to learn music, and he did well in it. Then he went on learning other subjects. When he was thirty, he became a teacher. He started his own school. He believed everyone should have a chance to get education whether(无论) they were rich or poor. He had about 3, 000 students and many of them became famous.
Chinese see Confucius as the greatest thinker and also the greatest teacher. His most important ideas are kindness and good manners. He said young people should take care of the old. People should stop thinking of themselves and work for others. His ideas are around in people’s everyday life. Today people can still hear them, and they go far into east and south Asia.

小题1: Confucius was born ______.
A.in Sichuan Province
B.on August 28
C.in the Kingdom of Lu
D.about 1500 years ago
小题2: Confucius was good at ______ when he was fifteen.
A.musicB.Chinese
C.mathD.other subjects
小题3: As a teacher, Confucius thought that ______ could get education.
A.only the rich
B.only the poor
C.not only the rich but also the poor
D.neither the rich nor the poor
小题4: Which of the following isn’t Confucius’ idea?
A.Being kind.
B.Looking after the old.
C.Working for others.
D.Thinking of ourselves.
小题5: The underlined word “they” means ______.
A.good manners
B.Confucius’ ideas
C.Confucius and his students
D.Confucius’ students

小题1:C
小题2:A
小题3:C
小题4:D
小题5:B

试题分析:这篇短文主要介绍了中国古代的思想家和教育家孔子的生平,他在教育以及思想方面对社会的贡献。
小题1:细节理解题。根据文中原句He was born on September 28, 551BC(公元前) in the Kingdom of Lu, in today’s Shandong Province. (他在公元前551年9月28日出生在今天山东省一个叫鲁国的地方)可知此题选C。
小题2:细节理解题。根据文中原句At the age of fifteen, he began to learn music, and he did well in it.(在十五岁时,他开始学音乐并且在这方面很出色)可知此题选A。
小题3:细节理解题。根据文中原句He believed everyone should have a chance to get education whether(无论) they were rich or poor. (他相信每个人都应该有机会接受教育,无论贫穷还是富有)可知此题选C。
小题4:细节理解题。根据文中最后一段中的句子He said young people should take care of the old. People should stop thinking of themselves and work for others. (他说年轻人应该照顾老年人,人应该停止为自己考虑并为别人工作)可知D不是孔子的思想。
小题5:词义猜测题。根据文中的句子His ideas are around in people’s everyday life. Today people can still hear them, and they go far into east and south Asia. (他的思想在人们日常生活的周围,今天的人们仍然听到它们,并且它们深深影响到东亚和南亚)可知they指的是孔子的思想,故选B。
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To: manager@tastytreat.com
Date: Monday, 7th October, 3:34 p.m.
From: raymondyuen@canada.net
Subject: Complaint
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