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科目: 来源: 题型:阅读理解

Today, people all over the world are moving out of small villages in the country to go and live in big noisy cities . They are moving from the peaceful hills, mountains, fields, rivers and streams of the countryside to the busy world of streets, buildings, traffic and crowds. This movement from rural areas to urban areas has been going on for over two hundred years.
In many countries, the main reason people come to live in towns and cities is work. After one or two large factories have been built in or near a town, people come to find a work, and soon an industrial area begins to grow. There is usually a residential area nearby, where the factory workers can live. The families of these workers need schools, hospitals and shops, so more people come to live in the area to provide these services—and a city grows.
In every major city in the world, there is a business district where the big companies have their main offices. In the United States, this area is usually in the city center downtown. It is here that you can see the huge skyscraper office blocks. The people who work here often travel a long way to work each day.
Many of them live in the suburbs of the city, far away from the industrial area and the city center. Some suburbs are very pleasant, with nice houses and big gardens. There are usually parks for children to play in and large department stores where you can buy all you need.
But what is the future of the big cities? Will they continue to get bigger and bigger? Perhaps not. Some major cities have actually become smaller in the last ten years, and it is quite possible that one day we will see people moving out of the major cities and back into smaller towns and villages.

  1. 1.

    We can easily know that the underlined phrase “urban areas” means._____

    1. A.
      areas of the countryside
    2. B.
      areas of a town or city
    3. C.
      areas near the countryside
    4. D.
      areas near a town or a city
  2. 2.

    Why do people move to live in cities or towns?

    1. A.
      Because they can live more comfortable there
    2. B.
      Because they prefer noisy life to peaceful life
    3. C.
      They do so mainly to find work
    4. D.
      They don’t like small villages
  3. 3.

    We can infer that this movement from rural areas to urban areas_______.

    1. A.
      has been going on for more than 2,000 years
    2. B.
      will continue in the future
    3. C.
      may not continue in the future
    4. D.
      is sure to stop

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科目: 来源: 题型:阅读理解

Two completely different styles of e-mail have formed on either side of the Atlantic-Euromail and Amerimail. Americail is informal and chatty. It’s likely to begin with a “Hi” and end with a “Bye”. The chances of Amerimail containing a smiley face or an “xoxo” are disturbingly high. We Americans are unwilling to dive into the meat of an e-mail. We feel we have to first inform recipients (收信人) about our vacation on the island which was really excellent except the jellyfish were biting and the kids caught a cold, so we had to skip the whale watching trip, but about that investors’ meeting in New York. Amerimail is a bundle of contradictions, casual and yet direct, respectful yet over proud. In other words, Amerimail is America.
Euromail is stiff and cold often beginning with a formal “Dear Mr. X” and ending with a simple “Sincerely”. You won’t find any mention of kids or the weather or jellyfish in Euromail. It’s all business. It’s also slow. Your correspondent might take days even weeks to answer a message. Euromail is exactly like the Europeans themselves.
Recently about 100 managers were asked on both sides of the Atlantic whether they noticed differences in e-mail styles. Most said yes. Here are a few of their observations:
“Americans tend to write (e-mail) exactly as they speak.”
“Why don’t you just call me instead of writing five e-mails back and forth?”
“Europeans are less interested in checking e-mail”.
“In general, Americans are much more responsive to e-mail—they respond faster and provide more information.”
So which is better, Euromail or Amerimail? I realized it’s not popular these days to suggest we have anything to learn from Europeans, but I’m fed up with an inbox filled with casual, barely meaningful e-mails from friends and colleagues. If the alternative is a few earnestly written, carefully worded bits of Euromail, then I say, “Bring it on.”

  1. 1.

    What did George Bernard Shaw mean by saying “England and America are two nations divided by a common language”?

    1. A.
      There is not much difference between British English and American English.
    2. B.
      Both England and America speak the common language, so they are much the same.
    3. C.
      Either England or America is a divided nation, though they share a common language.
    4. D.
      There is sharp difference between England and America despite their common language.
  2. 2.

    Which of the following is most likely to be the “meat” of an Amerimail?

    1. A.
      The jellyfish were biting.
    2. B.
      We had an excellent vacation on the island.
    3. C.
      We had to skip the whale watching trip.
    4. D.
      We were to attend the investors’ meeting in New York.
  3. 3.

    On receiving an e-mail, Europeans tend to __________.

    1. A.
      respond to it immediately and earnestly
    2. B.
      take more time than Americans to respond to it
    3. C.
      respond by calling up their correspondent
    4. D.
      never respond to it all
  4. 4.

    What are characteristics of Amerimail?

    1. A.
      Informal and chatty
    2. B.
      Casual and indirect
    3. C.
      Stiff and cold
    4. D.
      Formal and direc60
  5. 5.

    We can conclude from the passage that __________.

    1. A.
      the different e-mail styles do much harm to the relationship between the two sides on Atlantic
    2. B.
      Amerimail is more appreciated by the writer for being informative and casually written
    3. C.
      Euromail always impresses the writer as something more pleasant to read
    4. D.
      the writer doesn’t favor either e-mail style as both have their own shortcomings

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科目: 来源: 题型:阅读理解

Mrs. Allen’s husband died ten years ago when her son and daughter were still in high school. Mr. Allen had left some money, and since Mrs. Allen had managed a bookstore before she was married, she took the money and bought a shop in town. Later she moved the shop out to the shopping center.
She was a pleasant woman; she worked hard and was well-informed about books, and so the bookstore prospered(生意兴隆) and she was able to hire a friend to help her.
Laura Barnes, Mrs. Allen’s friend and assistant, was also a widow. She had some free time and the need for a little extra-money, and so she took the job in the bookstore. She was too clever and friendly, and the two women were well-known in the neighbourhood as “Mrs. A” and “Mrs. B”

  1. 1.

    How many people in all were there in the two women’s families? ______.

    1. A.
      At least 8      
    2. B.
      At least 7      
    3. C.
      At least 6      
    4. D.
      At least 4
  2. 2.

    The bookstore prospered ______.

    1. A.
      after Mrs. Allen lost control of it
    2. B.
      before Mrs. A got to know Mrs. B
    3. C.
      because the two women had little housework to do
    4. D.
      because Mrs. A became expert at management and threw herself into it
  3. 3.

    Why did Mrs. A hire Mrs. B? ______.

    1. A.
      Mrs. B asked for very little pay
    2. B.
      She believed that Mrs. B was the very person to help her to improve management
    3. C.
      Mrs. B was a friend of hers
    4. D.
      She was also that kind of woman like her
  4. 4.

    Which of the following is true? ______.

    1. A.
      Mrs. A set up her bookshop in the shopping center
    2. B.
      Mr. Allen was dead but Mr. Barnes alive
    3. C.
      Mrs. A managed to set another bookstore with Mrs. B
    4. D.
      The two children of Mrs. A were of the same age

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科目: 来源: 题型:阅读理解

Most young people enjoy some forms of physical activity. It may be walking, cycling, or swimming, or in winter, skating or skiing. It may be a game of some forms—football, basketball, hockey, golf or tennis. It may be mountaineering.
Those who have a passion of climbing high and difficult mountains are often looked upon with astonishment. Why are men and women willing to suffer cold and hardship, and to take risks in high mountains? This astonishment is caused, probably, by the difference between mountaineering and other forms of activity to which men give their leisure.
Mountaineering is a sport and not a game. There are no man-made rules, as others, as there are for such games as golf and football. There are, of course, rules of different kinds which would be dangerous to ignore, but it is this freedom from man-made rules that makes mountaineering attractive to many people. Those who climb mountains are free to use their own methods.
If we compare mountaineering with other more familiar sports we might think that one big difference is that mountaineering is not a “team game”. We should be mistaken in this. There are, it is true, no “ matches” between “teams” of climbers, but when climbers are on a rock face linked by a rope on which their lives may depend, there is obviously teamwork.
The mountain climber knows that he may have to fight forces that are stronger and more powerful than man. He has to fight the forces of nature. His sport requires high mental and physical qualities.
A mountain climber continues to improve in skill year by year. A skier is probably past his best by the age of thirty. But it is not unusual for men of fifty or sixty to climb the highest mountains in the Alps. They may take more time than younger men, but they perhaps climb with more skills and less waste of effort, and they certainly experience equal enjoyment.

  1. 1.

    What sports are popular among people in winter in the passage?

    1. A.
      Soccer and golf.
    2. B.
      Skiing and skating.
    3. C.
      Cycling and hockey.
    4. D.
      Mountaineering.
  2. 2.

    The underlined word “passion” in Paragraph 2 could best be replaced by ______.

    1. A.
      strong emotion              
    2. B.
      good way  
  3. 3.

    Mountaineering is a sport, not a game because_______.

    1. A.
      it has man-made rules
    2. B.
      it is too dangerous for climbers
    3. C.
      it can’t bring people joy or leisure
    4. D.
      it is free for climbers to use their own methods
  4. 4.

    We know from the passage that _______.

    1. A.
      mountaineering has no appeal for people
    2. B.
      physical quality is more important than mental one for climbers
    3. C.
      a mountain climber passes his best by the age of thirty
    4. D.
      it is possible for an old man of fifty or sixty to climb the Alps
  5. 5.

    What is the best title for the passage?

    1. A.
      Sports in winter
    2. B.
      Team work in climbing
    3. C.
      Mountaineering
    4. D.
      The quality for mountaineering

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科目: 来源: 题型:阅读理解

Before astronauts can go into space, they have to have the right suit. That’s why NASA(美国国家航天和航空局)scientists are developing a new kind of space suit——lighter and more flexible than before. These new space suits will have lots of mobility(灵活性) for the astronauts, but will not need much maintenance. NASA wants the suits to include new technology that can help astronauts be safe in outer space.
Right now, the American space suit weighs about 275 pounds and is big and massive. But the suit is also easy to work in for long periods of time. The Russian space suit is less complicated, but is used only a few times and then gets thrown away.
“Finding the right balance is always going to be a challenge,” said a long-time astronaut Jeff Williams. Williams has worn both types of suits. Space suits protect astronauts from both extreme heat and freezing temperatures. They carry life-packs with oxygen for the astronauts. They also shield astronauts from radiation, or particles that send out harmful rays.
Scientists are using computers to design the new suits. This allows them to change the design again and again, and to even test the design out before actually making anything. “There’s a lot more capable tools and technology to get the job done——a lot more knowledge, as well,” said Joe Kosmo. Kosmo helped design, develop, and test suits during the Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, Skylab, and shuttle periods.
These new space suits will be much lighter and use a new kind of complex material. They also will have a smaller life support backpack, thanks to tiny electronics. NASA hopes to have the first prototypes(原型) in development by 2010 and certify(证明) the suit by 2012. This will be in time for the launch of the Orion spaceship in 2014.

  1. 1.

    What characteristic does the new space suit have?

    1. A.
      The new space suit will need much maintenance.
    2. B.
      The new space suit will be heavier than before.
    3. C.
      The new space suit will have less mobility than before.
    4. D.
      The new suit will use new technology to help astronauts be safe in outer space.
  2. 2.

    What’s the disadvantage of the Russian space suit?

    1. A.
      The Russian space suit is big and massive.
    2. B.
      The Russian space suit is much complicated.
    3. C.
      The Russian space suit is merely used a few times.
    4. D.
      The Russian space suit is easy to work in for long periods of time.
  3. 3.

    The underlined word “shield” in the third paragraph might mean_______.

    1. A.
      harm
    2. B.
      protect
    3. C.
      help
    4. D.
      warn
  4. 4.

    Why can scientists test the design out before actually making the new space suits?

    1. A.
      Because designing the new space suit is not a complex task.
    2. B.
      Because computers are being used to help scientists design the new space suits.
    3. C.
      Because it needs little knowledge to design the new space suits.
    4. D.
      Because the scientists only change the old space suits a little and make them into the new ones.
  5. 5.

    How long will it take scientists to put the new space suits from prototypes into the first practical use?

    1. A.
      Two years.
    2. B.
      Three years.
    3. C.
      Four years.
    4. D.
      Six years.

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科目: 来源: 题型:阅读理解

Most rain forests lie close to the equator(赤道),where the climate is often mild and there are long hours of sunshine.The warmth of the land heats the air above,causing it to rise and tiny drops of water to fall as rain.The rainfall can reach at least 98 inches a year.This wet,warm world with plenty of sunlight is perfect for plants to grow,so the trees grow fast with green leaves all the year round.The trees themselves also have an effect on the climate.They gather water from the soil and pass it out into the air through their leaves.The wet air then forms clouds,which hang over the treetops like smoke.These clouds protect the forest from the daytime heat and night-time cold of nearby deserts,keeping temperatures fit for plant growth.
Rain forests slightly farther away from the equator remain just as warm,but they have a dry season of three months or more when little rain falls.Tree leaves fall during this dry season and new leaves grow when the wet season or monsoon(雨季) begins.Thus these areas are known as the “monsoon forest”.
Another type of rain forest grows on tropical mountains.It is often called the “cloud forest” because clouds often hang over the trees like fog.
The rain forest is the ideal place for the growth of many different trees.Most of them depend on animals to eat their fruits and spread their seeds.When the fruits are eaten,the seeds inside them go undamaged through animals’ stomachs and are passed out in their droppings.The seeds lying on the forest floor then grow into new trees.

  1. 1.

    The climate of the rain forests near the equator is _______.

    1. A.
      mild,wet and windy
    2. B.
      hot,rainy and foggy
    3. C.
      hot,wet and cloudy
    4. D.
      warm,wet and sunny
  2. 2.

    We can learn from the passage that _______.

    1. A.
      tree leaves are green all the time in the monsoon forest
    2. B.
      there is a dry season in the cloud forest on tropical mountains
    3. C.
      clouds help the plants in the rain forest near the deserts to grow
    4. D.
      the formation of climate in the rain forest has little to do with the trees
  3. 3.

    According to the passage,_______ play the most important role in the spreading of seeds.

    1. A.
      animals
    2. B.
      droppings
    3. C.
      fruits
    4. D.
      winds
  4. 4.

    This passage is most likely to be found in _______.

    1. A.
      a travel guide
    2. B.
      a story book
    3. C.
      a technical report
    4. D.
      a geography book

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科目: 来源: 题型:阅读理解

All her life,my mother wanted busy children.It was very important that her house should remain at all times clean and tidy.
You could turn your back for a moment in my mother’s house,leave a half-written letter on the dining room table,a magazine open on the chair,and turn around to find that my mother had “put it back where it belonged,”as she explained.
My wife,one of her first visits to my mother’s house,placed a packet of biscuits on an end table and went to the kitchen to fetch a drink.When she returned,she found the packet had been removed.Confused(疑惑的),she set down her drink and went back to the kitchen for more biscuits,only to return to find that her drink had disappeared.Up to then she had guessed that everyone in my family held onto their drinks,so as not to make water rings on the end tables.Now she knows better.
These disappearances had a confusing effect on our family.We were all inclined to(有……的倾向) forgetfulness,and it was common for one of us,upon returning from the bathroom,to find that every sign of his work in progress had disappeared suddenly.“Do you remember what I was doing?”was a question frequently asked,but rarely answered.
Now my sister has developed a second-hand love of clean windows,and my brother does the cleaning in his house,perhaps to avoid having to be the one to lift his feet.I try not to think about it too much,but I have at this later time started to dust the furniture once a week.
We have all become busy persons.

  1. 1.

    Which of the following is TRUE about my mother?

    1. A.
      She enjoyed removing others’ drinks.
    2. B.
      She became more and more forgetful.
    3. C.
      She preferred to do everything by herself.
    4. D.
      She wanted to keep her house in good order.
  2. 2.

    My wife could not find her biscuits and drink in my mother’s house because _______.

    1. A.
      she had already finished them
    2. B.
      my mother had taken them away
    3. C.
      she forgot where she had left them
    4. D.
      someone in my family was holding them
  3. 3.

    The underlined part in the fifth paragraph suggests that my sister _______.

    1. A.
      is happy to clean windows
    2. B.
      loves to clean used windows
    3. C.
      is fond of clean used windows
    4. D.
      likes clean windows as my mother did
  4. 4.

    This passage mainly tells us that _______.

    1. A.
      my mother often made us confused
    2. B.
      my family members had a poor memory
    3. C.
      my mother helped us to form a good habit
    4. D.
      my wife was surprised when she visited my mother

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科目: 来源: 题型:阅读理解

The American book Who Moved My Cheese has bee a bestseller all over the world. It teaches people how to face changes in their lives. Now its author Spence Johnson has written a book just for teens. The book tells us that when facing change in our lives, like a new school or new friends, don't be afraid. Instead, use this change to make a better life. The book gives an example of a change at school. A school is changing from having two terms to three terms because there are too many students.
Several teens are talking about this. Most of them are unhappy and worried. But Chris is not. He laughs and tells a story about two mice, two “little people” and some cheese.
The four are in amaze looking for the cheese. Here, cheese means something important in life, like moving to a new class or getting into college. But they find the cheese is gone. The mice realize that they can’t change what has happened and have to find more cheese. This means finding different dreams. The little people, however, can’t do this. They are afraid of change so they find no cheese
After Chris finishes the story, the friends understand one thing: to get more cheese, move in a new direction quickly. His friends understand how this can be used in the changes all teens face, such as doing well at school or having good relationships or just feeling good about yourself

  1. 1.

    The book Who Moved My Cheese is __________

    1. A.
      read across the world
    2. B.
      written all over the world
    3. C.
      sold only in America
    4. D.
      loved only by teens
  2. 2.

    What does the text mainly discuss?

    1. A.
      Never change in our life
    2. B.
      Change when you like to do
    3. C.
      Change with the changes
    4. D.
      Pay attention to the changes,
  3. 3.

    The underlined word “four”(paragraph 3)refers to __________

    1. A.
      Mice and little people
    2. B.
      Students
    3. C.
      Cheese
    4. D.
      Readers
  4. 4.

    In our lives, we should learn from __________

    1. A.
      Mice
    2. B.
      Little people
    3. C.
      Chris
    4. D.
      Spence Johnson
  5. 5.

    Which of the following statements is true?

    1. A.
      The author is Britain
    2. B.
      There are three terms in every school
    3. C.
      Most teens don't understand Chris' story
    4. D.
      The book tells teens how to face changes in their lives

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科目: 来源: 题型:阅读理解

Animal experts in Croatia say a bear has learned how to trick people to let him in by knocking at the door.
They believe the 220- kilogram brown bear probably learned the trick while nudging (轻推) a door to get it to open.
Experts have a guess that the nudging was mistaken by the owners for knocking and that the bear, pleased by the result, repeated the trick.
The Loknar family from Gerovo in western Croatia said the bear had knocked at their door three times and they were now refusing to answer the door.
‘We jumped out of the window as he came in through the door and went into the kitchen to take some food for the first time.” Mum Nevenka Loknar told a reporter from a local newspaper. “I opened the door and saw him standing there and I didn’t believe my eyes at first, then I ran for it as he walked in as if it was the most normal- thing in the world.”
Bears are a common thing in the woods around here, but no one has ever heard of a bear that knocks at the door.
Mum Nevenka Loknar said, “The bear is so intelligent. It’s incredible. We’ve tried to put up lots of obstacles to stop him coming in, like a wire fence but he still gets through. I wouldn’t be surprised if he knew how to use wire cutters (钢丝剪).”

  1. 1.

    According to experts in Croatia, how did the bear learn the trick?

    1. A.
      By knocking at the door several times.
    2. B.
      By accident.
    3. C.
      By learning from the owner of a family.
    4. D.
      By imitation.
  2. 2.

    What does the underlined word “it” in paragraph 5 refer to?

    1. A.
      Eating at the kitchen.
    2. B.
      Knocking at the door.
    3. C.
      Walking into the house.
    4. D.
      Answering the door.
  3. 3.

    It is ________ in Gerovo that a bear knocks at the door.

    1. A.
      unusual
    2. B.
      a troubling problem
    3. C.
      common
    4. D.
      an exciting experience
  4. 4.

    Mum Nevenka Loknar was surprised that the bear ________.

    1. A.
      didn’t attack her family
    2. B.
      knew how to use wire cutters
    3. C.
      jumped across her wire fence three times
    4. D.
      was clever at getting through the obstacles

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科目: 来源: 题型:阅读理解

Dear Michelle,
My mother is not a good example for me and my sister. She smokes, stays out late, and she curses. I love her but I am ashamed of her. I do not want to bring home my friends because she does not act like any of the other mothers. She says I am a loser because I sit at home and I study. I wish I could live in another family that is normal, but that will not be for another 5 years when I am 18 and legal. What am I supposed to do until then?
Prisoner of a Crazy House
Dear 7th Grade,
I am glad that you love your mother because the rest of your feelings about her may change as you mature and get older.
While it is true that your mother’s smoking, partying and cursing bring you shame, the fact that you want to stay separate from her doing is notable and very smart. It shows that you are a winner, not a loser.
I am guessing, therefore, that you do not bring shame to yourself, and that is a good thing. So, keep it that way and keep away from your mother’s habits.
In the meantime, get the best grades as possible and join clubs and after-school activities. Offer social service on weekends and visit with your friends at their homes.
Unfortunately, you are not alone. Many teens live in homes with immature, misguided, selfish parents. Those kids often feel lonely and separate from the rest of their friends because of their parents’ terrible deeds.
Yet, despite this, some of these very teens grow up to be just fine. They develop good friendships with nice kids, do well in school, and often find a teacher of guidance advisor who makes all the difference!
Do it, Miss Winning 13-year-old, and keep looking forward to your own fine future. Maybe by then your mother may even see the light and realize how surprising you really are.
Best luck!
Michelle

  1. 1.

    The kids asks for advice on how to ______.

    1. A.
      make her mother change
    2. B.
      grow up in her present situation
    3. C.
      get along well with her mother
    4. D.
      start a new family with her sister
  2. 2.

    Michelle doesn’t call her letter receiver a “Prisoner of a Crazy House” possibly because she ______.

    1. A.
      tries to be polite
    2. B.
      doesn’t write to that kid alone
    3. C.
      knows that’s a girl in Grade 7
    4. D.
      wants to cheer up the kid
  3. 3.

    Michelle advises the girl to ______.

    1. A.
      try talking to her mother
    2. B.
      get used to the habits of her mother
    3. C.
      stick to her attitude towards her mother
    4. D.
      improve her relationship with her mother
  4. 4.

    What does Michelle express by the paragraphs beginning with “Unfortunately” and “Yet”?

    1. A.
      Many parents act terribly
    2. B.
      You’re not speaking for yourself
    3. C.
      Parents’ manners make little difference
    4. D.
      Don’t worry too much about your problem

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