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In American schools there is something called Home-coming Day. Many high schools and colleges with a football team have a homecoming game. This can be the most important event of the year except graduation(毕业) or commencement(授奖典礼) day. Students plan homecoming day for many weeks in advance(预先).

Several days before Homecoming, students start to decorate(装饰) the school. There are signs to wish luck to the team, and many other signs to welcome all the graduates. Many people still come to Homecoming twenty or thirty years after their graduation.

The members of school clubs build booths(摊位) and sell lemonade, apples and sandwiches. Some clubs help to welcome visitors.

During the day people like to look for teachers that they remember from long ago. Often they see old friends and they talk together about those happy years in school.

Everyone soon comes to watch the football game. When the game is half over, the band comes onto the field and plays school songs. Another important moment is when the Home-corning Queen or King appears. All the students vote a most popular student Homecoming Queen or King. It is a great honor to be chosen.

Homecoming is a happy day, but it is not perfect unless the football team wins the game. Even if the team loses, the students still enjoy Homecoming. Some stay at the school to dance, and others go to a party. For everyone it is a day worth remembering.

1. The most important event of the year in high schools and colleges is ________.

   A. homecoming     B. the football game                        C. graduation  D. winning the game

2. When do students begin to arrange everything for Homecoming?

   A. The day before Homecoming.           B. Many weeks before the day.

   C. when the guests arrive.              D. In the days before Homecoming.

3. Which of the following is NOT done on Homecoming?

   A. To see old friends.                                        B. To call on teachers they remember.

   C. To watch the football game.          D. To go home to see their family.

4. The underline words “vote” in the fifth paragraph means ________.

   A. attend a meeting                                           B. elect or choose    

   C. hold a celebration(庆祝)          D. have a football match

5.Who can probably become Homecoming Queen or King?

   A. The students who is liked most by the others.             

B. The guest who is most popular with the students.

   C. The students who is most liked by the guests.             

D. The player who plays best in the football game. 

 

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  An ichthyologist is a scientist who studies fish.Most people who do this job say they love their work because it is very rewarding and varied.They work not only inside a laboratory, but also out in the field.Fieldwork includes traveling to rivers, oceans and lakes in order to collect information and specimens(样本).Reading, writing and speaking are also very important to the job.Fish scientists need to read the research of other scientists.They must be able to write up their own research clearly so that others can follow it.They also need to be able to give lectures about their findings, so that they can spread knowledge.

  Ichthyologists who wish to specialize can choose any one of three areas of study.The first area is aquaculture(水产养殖).This involves the study and practice of fish farming and management.Because it is a rather new study, there are very few job opportunities available.However, as there is so much to discover, many see it as an exciting area for a new ichthyologist to enter.The second area is fisheries science, which means working with a team of scientist to find out more about different fish species.The third area is about the protection of natural fish populations.This is very important today, given that many fish species are in danger of dying out because of the actions of humans.

  To become a successful fish scientist, you need to have a curious mind and be able to work on your own.You also need to be able to handle equipment and perform experiments; but most importantly, you must love fish.To become an ichthyologist, you will need to train at a university to pass a Bachelor of Science degree.For this, you will need to be good at mathematics, physical science and biology.Then, you will need to study for another year to complete an honors degree in ichthyology.This honors degree contains coursework about all aspects of fish.You also need to complete a research paper.

(1)

What makes the jobs of ichthyologists so varied?

[  ]

A.

They study fish habits and collect information.

B.

They have to study science and mathematics.

C.

They work in fields as well as in laboratories.

D.

They read research papers written by others.

(2)

Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?

[  ]

A.

An ichthyologist has an interesting and varied profession.

B.

Aquaculture is the study of fish protection.

C.

The life of an ichthyologist can involve lots of travel.

D.

A fish scientist needs to be independent and curious about things.

(3)

Who is most likely to become an ichthyologist?

[  ]

A.

Tom, because he likes fishing and outdoor sports.

B.

Jack, because he likes to travel and read adventure books.

C.

Jenny, because she likes science, mathematics and reading about dinosaurs.

D.

Jane, because she likes mathematics, science, biology and searching rock-pools.

(4)

The passage is probably written for ________.

[  ]

A.

university students

B.

science researchers

C.

fisheries experts

D.

fish farmers

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If you want to learn anything at school, you need to listen to your teachers. Unfortunately, millions of kids can’t hear what their teachers are saying. And it’s not because these students are goofing off. Often, it’s the room’s fault. Building architecture and building design can create echo(回声)-filled classrooms that make hearing difficult.

Children with hearing impairments(损伤)suffer most from noisy classrooms. They sometimes can’t hear questions that other students ask in class. Compared with kids with healthy hearing, they have a harder time picking up new vocabulary words by hearing them in talking.

Even kids with normal hearing have a harder time in the classroom when there’s too much noise. Younger children in particular have trouble separating important sounds – like a teacher’s voice – from background noise. Kids with learning disabilities and speech impediments(障碍)and kids for whom English is a second language also have a harder time learning in noisy situations.

In recent years, scientists who study sound have been asking schools to reduce background noise, which may include loud air-conditioners and pipes. They’re also targeting outdoor noises, such as highway traffic. Noise reduction is a big deal. Why? Because quieter classrooms might make you smarter by letting you hear your lessons better.

“It’s so obvious that we should have quiet rooms that allow for access to the lesson,” says Dan Ostergren, a hearing scientist. “Sometimes it surprises me that we spend so much time discussing this topic. I just want to go. Why is this hard for anyone to grasp?”

1.The underlined part “goofing off” in the first paragraph can be replaced by “     ”.

A.lazy

B.intelligent

C.sleepy

D.foolish

2.Who is most affected by noisy classrooms?

A.Children with learning disabilities.

B.Children with speech impairments.

C.Children with hearing impediments.

D.Children with normal hearing.

3.Why should noise be reduced in classrooms?

A.Quiet classrooms are suitable for kids to have discussions.

B.Quiet classrooms help kids recover from hearig impairments.

C.Kids can’t separate sounds of air-conditioners and pipes.

D.Kids can become smarter after hearing lessons better.

4.What would be the best title for the passage?

A.Classroom design

B.Noisy classrooms

C.The sense of hearing

D.Disabled kids

 

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Targeting teens

But using the Web also makes teens a target. Posting too much personal information for those millions of cyber eyes to see can cause some big problems and can even invite a threat to your life.

As Mary learned, not everyone on the Internet is who he or she says they are. Adults will sometimes pose as other teens, posting fake photos and nice messages to gain trust. They use their fake identity to access the personal information of others, such as home address, phone number, or school name.

"That's not the most common scenario", says David Finkelhor, a sociology professor at the University of New Hampshire. "Only 3 percent of teens aged 10 to 18 who use the Internet report being asked to meet offline. But the danger is real.

Safety measures

Mary's My Space profile is set to "private", which means that only the people she adds under the "friend" category can access her page. She also doesn't have any pictures of herself on her site. The only self-identifying material she has posted is her name, grade, and a list of hobbies.

"People can only add me if they know my last name or my e-mail, "Mary says. " I don't want random people to see my profile. I just go online to talk to my friends."

Stay safe and have fun online

Experts say almost 90 percent of U.S. Teens are online. But not everyone knows how to surf the Web in a smart way. With these tips, you can have fun, stay safe, and avoid embarrassment!

Pick a safe password. Make sure your password is something that other people won't be able to guess. Use numbers in between letters. "spar123ky" is better than "sparky 123."

Pick a safe username. Make sure yours doesn't say too much about you, "Happygirl13" is better than "AliceWaters13." Don't include your name, age, or where you are from. Never tell a stranger your name, school, address, age, birthday, phone number, or friends' names.

56.Who is most likely to be a victim online?

     A.A liar.      B.A teenager.       C.A stranger.      D.An honest person.

57.In Mary's opinion, _________.

     A.one shouldn't trust everyone online B.one shouldn't trust anyone online

     C.there are many liars online      D.all people online pretend to be others

58.One of the safety measures mentioned in the passage is that _________.

     A.one should not chat with strangers

     B.one should not post his or her photos online

     C.one should tell his parents about strange information

     D.one should keep his web as a secret

59.Why are numbers used when we pick a safe password?

     A.Numbers are easy to write.

     B.Using numbers are cool online.

     C.The safe password is more unlikely to be guessed.

     D.Numbers are popular online.

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It was a comfortable sunny Sunday. I was going to meet an old university friend I hadn't seen for years, and was really excited to hear all his news.

?? My train was running a little late, but that was no big problem - I could text him to say I would be delayed. He would understand. But… where was my mobile phone? I had that familiar sinking feeling. Yes, I'd forgotten it at home.

??? No mobile phone. I'm sure I'm not alone in feeling anxious, on edge and worried when I don't have my phone with me. In fact, I know I'm not alone: two-thirds of us experience ‘nomophobia’, the fear of being out of mobile phone contact.

That's according to a study from 2012 which surveyed 1,000 people in the UK about their relationship with mobile phones.

??? It says we check our mobile phones 34 times a day, that women are more ‘nomophobic’than men, and that 18-24 year-olds are the most likely to suffer fear of being without their mobiles: 77% of them say they are unable to be apart from their phones for more than a few minutes.

Do you have nomophobia ?

· You never turn your phone off

· You obsessively check for texts, missed calls and emails· You always take your phone to the bathroom with you· You never let the battery run out

It's funny to think that around 20 years ago the only people with mobile phones would be businessperson carrying their large, plastic ‘bricks’.?? Of course, these days, mobile phones are everywhere. A UN study from this year said mobile phone subscriptions would outnumber people across the world by the end of 2014.

?? And when there are more phones than people in the world, maybe it's time to ask who really is in charge? Are you in control of your phone, or does your phone control you?

?? So, what happened with my university friend? When I arrived a few minutes late he just laughed and said: "You haven't changed at all – still always late!" And we had a great afternoon catching up, full of jokes and stories, with no interruptions and no nagging(唠叨的) desire to check my phone.

? Not having it with me felt strangely liberating. Maybe I'll leave it at home on purpose next time.

1.What does the passage talk about ?

A. The history of mobiles.

B. The story of meeting an old university friend.

C. The addiction of playing mobile phone.

D. The terrible feeling of being without their mobiles.

2.The underlined phrase “ on edge ”in the third paragraph probably means_______.

A.? nervous???????? B. energetic????????? C. crazy??????? D. surprised

3.Which word is used to describe old mobile phones according to the passage?

A. digital phone??? B. cell phone??? ???? C. bricks??? ??? D. smart phone

4.According to the passage, who is most likely to be addicted to mobiles ?

A. a successful manager??????? ? B. a 21-year-old girl?

C. a 21-year-old boy??????????? D. a lonely middle-aged person

5.What’s the author’s attitude towards the using mobiles ?

A. Worried?? ??????? B. Favorable??? ??? C. Neutral???? ?? D. Critical

 

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